When was Jesus crucified?
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Introduction
On this page are separate studies by guests Alan P. and Barry S. as to when Jesus was crucified.

These studies reflect the views of the writers, and do not necessarily reflect Biblebell's views.

Finally, there is a "Biblebell addendum" to respond to various questions posed by messages from various other readers of these pages.
  Overview- This is Page 2 of a 3 page Bible Study...
Page 1 -- Page 1 of Biblebell's Study: On which DAY of the week was Jesus crucified?
Page 2, Guest Study 1 -- Barry S's Study: On which DAY of the week was Jesus crucified?
Page 2, Guest Study 2 -- Alan P's study: In which YEAR was Jesus crucified?
Page 2, Biblebell addendum
Page 3, Crucifixion at 9 AM -- Further details concerning the Lord's crucifixion at 9 AM on Passover day.

Study #1
On which day was Jesus crucified?

by Barry S.

The "smoking gun" that Jesus could not have died on Friday is John 12:1.

It says that Jesus arrived in Bethany from Ephraim (18 miles away) six days before the Passover.
  Therefore Jesus no longer walked openly among the Jews, but went from there into the country near the wilderness, to a city called Ephraim, and there remained with His disciples.

Then, six days before the Passover, Jesus came to Bethany
John 11.54, 2.1a
Passover was on Nisan 14 and six days before was Nisan 8.   On the fourteenth day of the first month at twilight is the LORD'S Passover. Lev 23.5

In the first month, which is the month of Nisan
Esther 3.7a
If Nisan 14 was on Friday, then Nisan 8 would have been on Saturday, the Sabbath, which would have made it impossible for Jesus to make the journey*.

[*Ed. Note: That is, the journey Jesus made from Ephraim to Bethany.]
  Let every man remain in his place; let no man go out of his place on the seventh day [the Sabbath]. Exod 16.29b

[Ed. Note: Per Barry's follow-on message, Exod 16.29 forms the basis for #108 of the Jewish Mitzvoth. #108 says that one is not to travel outside the limits of one's residence -- the so-called Sabbath day's journey or about 3000 feet.]
He also rode the ass on Nisan 9, not Nisan 10 as so many say.

Neither could Nisan 14 have been on a Thursday because backing up six days would put Nisan 8 on Friday and Nisan 9 on Saturday and the people would not have been able to cut palm fronds on Saturday* to throw in His path.

[*Ed. Note: They could not have cut palm fronds on Saturday because Saturday is the Sabbath.]
  The next day a great multitude that had come to the feast, when they heard that Jesus was coming to Jerusalem, took branches of palm trees and went out to meet Him, and cried out: "Hosanna! 'Blessed is He who comes in the name of the LORD!' The King of Israel!"

Then Jesus, when He had found a young donkey, sat on it
John 12.12-14a
If Nisan 14 had been on Friday, the daily sacrifice (Ref #1-Ex 29:38-42) would have occurred at 12:30, and the special Passover day national sacrifice (Ref #2-Num 28:16-25) would have occurred at 1:30.

Both would miss the death of Christ at about 3pm. Only on Friday were these times backed up.
-->
If Nisan 14 fell on any of the other six days, including the Sabbath, the regular daily sacrifice occurred at the normal time of 2:30 and the special Passover sacrifice occurred at 3:30, either of which may have coincided with the death of Jesus.
Various Talmudic references citing that "part of a day is as the whole of it" are used to try to refute a literal understanding of Matt. 12:40.

However, I accidentally stumbled across a passage in tractate Pesahim that says that the Jews recognize that one day in any period can be a partial day, but not more than one partial day in any requirement. For example, if a woman had to observe 7 says of quarantine for some infraction, either the first or last days could be a partial day but not both.

Thus, if detractors count Friday as a partial day (the Talmud is the only historical source for this travesty) then Sunday would have to be a full twenty-four hour day.
  [Jesus said...] For as Jonah was three days and three nights in the belly of the great fish, so will the Son of Man be three days and three nights in the heart of the earth. Mt 12.40
The fastest running persons who ever lived were the women from Galilee. Why? Because Luke 23:55:56 says that they saw how Jesus was laid, then returned and prepared spices and ointments before the Sabbath.   And the women who had come with Him [Jesus] from Galilee followed after, and they observed the tomb and how His body was laid. Then they returned and prepared spices and fragrant oils. And they rested on the Sabbath according to the commandment. Lk 23.55-56
Mark 15:46-47 says that the same women were there watching when the stone was rolled in front of the door opening completing the burial (no person is 'buried' until they are covered).   Then he [Joseph of Arimathea] bought fine linen, took Him [Jesus] down, and wrapped Him in the linen. And he laid Him in a tomb which had been hewn out of the rock, and rolled a stone against the door of the tomb. And Mary Magdalene and Mary the mother of Joses observed where He was laid. Mk 15.46
Luke 23:54 says that when the burial took place "the Sabbath DREW ON."   And that day was the preparation, and the Sabbath drew on <epiphosko>. Lk 23.54
"Drew on" is Greek epephoske, the word for dawn. It is a queer thing to speak of sundown as dawn, but the Jew said that there was a dawn of the day and a dawn of the night. Since the new day, which was a Sabbath, was dawning at the very moment that the stone was rolled in place completing the burial, then the women had to run super-humanly fast to get home and prepare the spices if there was only one Sabbath before the Resurrection.

END
  Strong's #2020 epiphosko
a form of 2017

to begin to grow light:--begin to dawn
     

Supplementary Reference #1
Exod 29.38-42

[God commanded...] Now this is what you shall offer on the altar: two lambs of the first year, day by day continually. One lamb you shall offer in the morning, and the other lamb you shall offer at twilight. With the one lamb shall be one-tenth of an ephah of flour mixed with one-fourth of a hin of pressed oil, and one-fourth of a hin of wine as a drink offering. And the other lamb you shall offer at twilight; and you shall offer with it the grain offering and the drink offering, as in the morning, for a sweet aroma, an offering made by fire to the LORD. This shall be a continual burnt offering throughout your generations at the door of the tabernacle of meeting before the LORD, where I will meet you to speak with you.

[Return to the study]

 

Supplementary Reference #2 - Num 28.16-25

[God told Moses...] On the fourteenth day of the first month is the Passover of the LORD. And on the fifteenth day of this month is the feast; unleavened bread shall be eaten for seven days. On the first day you shall have a holy convocation. You shall do no customary work. And you shall present an offering made by fire as a burnt offering to the LORD: two young bulls, one ram, and seven lambs in their first year. Be sure they are without blemish. Their grain offering shall be of fine flour mixed with oil: three-tenths of an ephah you shall offer for a bull, and two-tenths for a ram; you shall offer one-tenth of an ephah for each of the seven lambs; also one goat as a sin offering, to make atonement for you. You shall offer these besides the burnt offering of the morning, which is for a regular burnt offering. In this manner you shall offer the food of the offering made by fire daily for seven days, as a sweet aroma to the LORD; it shall be offered besides the regular burnt offering and its drink offering. And on the seventh day you shall have a holy convocation. You shall do no customary work. [Return to the study]


Study #2
In which year was Jesus crucified?

by Alan P.

Background

  • Jesus was crucified on Passover Day.
  • According to Bible scholars, 26 - 34 AD was the time frame during which Jesus was crucified.
  • On the Hebrew calendar, the Lord's Passover is celebrated on the 14th day of the month called Nisan.
  • Biblebell visitor Alan P. researched the internet to determine Passover Dates for the years 26 - 34 AD.
  • Alan's findings are shown in the following table.

Years
A.D.

Passover/Crucifixion Day
[Nisan 14] fell on...

26

Sunday April 21

27

Friday April 11

28

Wednesday April 28**

29

Monday April 18

30

Friday April 7

31

Wednesday April 25**

32

Monday April 14

33

Sunday May 3

34

Thursday April 22

Conclusions

Biblebell's study concluded that Passover Day, in the particular year when Jesus was crucified, fell on a Wednesday.

**Visitor Alan states, "If the above is true, it follows that 28 AD or 31 AD are the most likely years for the crucifixion."

Biblebell concurs with Alan, and extends our heartfelt gratitude for his research into this matter.

Biblebell Addendum

The following additional comments were developed "bit-by-bit" in response to questions raised in messages from readers of these pages. The comments are published here in the same *rough format* that Biblebell used in replying to those E-mail messages.

The *majority view* is that Jesus was crucified on Friday and was resurrected on Sunday. However, Jesus had prophesied that He would be resurrected AFTER being 3 days and nights in the tomb.

QUESTION: How could Jesus have been in the heart of the earth for three days and three nights if He died on a Friday afternoon and rose before sunrise on a Sunday?

ANSWER: Jesus could NOT have been in the heart of the earth for three days and three nights if He died on a Friday afternoon and rose before sunrise on a Sunday. Therefore, either Jesus gave an erroneous or misleading prophecy, or else the *majority view* is wrong. The following analysis will provide Biblical evidence that it is the *majority view* which is wrong and NOT the Lord's prophecy.

***In the first month, on the fourteenth day of the month at twilight is the Lord's Passover. Then on the fifteenth day of the same month there is the Feast of Unleavened Bread to the Lord; for seven days you shall eat unleavened bread. On the first day you shall have a holy convocation; you shall not do any laborious work. But for seven days you shall present an offering by fire to the Lord. On the seventh day is a holy convocation; you shall not do any laborious work. Leviticus 23:5-8

A) The above text confirms that the first and last days of the Feast of Unleavened Bread are annual Sabbaths, to be observed as a day of rest in addition to the weekly Sabbaths. These days would occur on the 15th and 21st of Abib/Nisan.

1) The Passover meal was an important Holy Day during which the children of Israel paid homage unto God to commemorate that the blood of the lamb, placed on the door posts of their houses, had kept them alive when the angel of death passed over, and that God had delivered them from slavery in Egypt. For all God's children, the Passover (Pesach) is a perpetual observance to celebrate passing from death to life.

2) These ancient events foretold the blood of Jesus being spilled for our sins, and our passage from death to eternal life, by the everlasting covenant of the blood of Jesus. They also foretold that Jesus would die exactly on the 14th of Abib/Nisan and that the day following was an annual Sabbath.

***Then some of the scribes and Pharisees answered Him, saying, "Teacher, we want to see a sign from You." But He answered and said to them, "An evil and adulterous generation craves for a sign; yet no sign shall be given to it but the sign of Jonah the prophet; for just as Jonah was three days and three nights in the belly of the sea monster; so shall the Son of Man be three days and three nights in the heart of the earth." Matthew 12:38-40

***But later on two came forward, and said, "This man stated, I am able to destroy the temple of God and rebuild it in three days." Matthew 26:61

***Now on the next day, which is the one after the preparation, the chief priests and the Pharisees gathered together with Pilate, and said, "Sir, we remember that when he was still alive that deceiver said, 'After three days I am to rise again.' Therefore, give orders for the grave to be made secure until the third day, lest the disciples come and steal Him away and say to the people, 'He has risen from the dead,' and the last deception be worse than the first." Pilate said to them, "You have a guard; go, make it secure as you know how." And they went and made the grave secure, and along with the guard they set a seal on the stone. Matthew 27:62-66

B) The above verses show that Jesus had openly taught that the major sign that He was the Messiah was that He would die and three days later rise again. Even more clearly, He said that He would be three days and three nights in the heart of the earth.

1) If we understood Jesus to mean that WITHIN three days and three nights He would rise again, then any period short of that would suffice. But He taught that AFTER three days and three nights in the heart of the earth, then He would rise again. This would necessitate the crucifixion on a Wednesday, then the daylight and nighttime periods of Thursday, Friday, and Saturday would be three days and three nights.

2) We count from either His actual death shortly after 3 PM or from the time His body was laid in the tomb, shortly before the annual Sabbath began.

C) The above text from Matthew 27 states that the chief priests met with Pilate the morning after the crucifixion to get permission to post a guard and seal the tomb. The Bible records that this was the day after the day of preparation. This day of preparation is the 14th of Abib/Nisan, when the homes were scoured to remove any leavened bread from within the house, and a preparation of food was readied for the Passover meal and the Feast of Unleavened Bread [Mark 15:42, Luke 23:54, John 19:14, 31, 42]. Therefore, Pilate's order to seal the tomb of Jesus *probably* was carried out in the early hours of the morning of the 15th of Abib/Nisan.

D) The text from John 19 says that the body of Jesus needed to be removed from the cross because the Sabbath was about to begin and that Sabbath was a high day or annual Sabbath. This is consistent with the other verses which teach that the day of preparation was the day that Jesus died.

E) Now we only need to determine whether the annual Sabbath and weekly Sabbath COULD have fallen on the same day, which might lead to the conclusion that Jesus died on a Friday afternoon, shortly after 3 PM as commonly taught. If not, then He died on another day of the week.

***The Jews therefore, because it was the day of preparation, so that the bodies should not remain on the cross on the Sabbath (for that Sabbath was a high day), asked Pilate that their legs might be broken, and that they might be taken away. John 19:31

***And Nicodemus came also, who had first come to Him by night; bringing a mixture of myrrh and aloes, about a hundred pounds weight. And so they took the body of Jesus, and bound it in linen wrappings with the spices, as is the burial custom of the Jews. John 19:39-40

***And Joseph took the body and wrapped it in clean linen cloth, and laid it in his own new tomb, which he had hewn out in the rock; and he rolled a large stone against the entrance of the tomb and went away. And Mary Magdalene was there, and the other Mary, sitting opposite the grave. Matthew 27:59-61

***And Joseph bought a linen sheet, took Him down, wrapped Him in the linen sheet, and laid Him in a tomb which had been hewn out in the rock; and he rolled a stone against the entrance of the tomb. And Mary Magdalene and Mary the mother of Joses were looking on to see where He was laid. Mark 15:46-47

***And it was the Preparation Day, and the Sabbath was about to begin. Now the women who had come with Him out of Galilee followed after, and saw the tomb and how His body was laid. And they returned and prepared spices and perfumes. And on the Sabbath they rested according to the commandment. Luke 23:54-56

F) The above verses combine to give us a fairly complete picture of what happened after the death of Jesus, how His body was prepared for burial, and who observed this process. It is extremely important to notice that none of the above texts alone gives the complete story, and that you have to read them all together to get the whole story. IN SUMMARY...

1) Joseph took the body of Jesus, after receiving permission from Pilate, bought a linen sheet, and bound the body with the assistance of Nicodemus. Nicodemus had brought a hundred pounds of myrrh and aloes, which they bound with the Lord's body. The tomb was nearby the place where Jesus was crucified, and belonged to Joseph who had carved this tomb out of rock. It was a new tomb that had never before been used.

2) Also, Mary Magdalene and Mary the mother of Joses accompanied the body from the cross and watched the entire process of burial. When Jesus' body was laid in the tomb, then Joseph, assisted by Nicodemus, rolled a large stone in front of the tomb opening and left. Finally, the two Marys left and prepared spices and perfumes, before resting on the Sabbath. Up to this point, we have no evidence for taking exception to the *traditional view* which (directly or by inference) holds that the annual Sabbath and weekly Sabbath occurred on the same day.

G) The next collection of verses will explore the role of the women in preparing spices and perfumes with which they intended to anoint the body of Jesus.

***And they returned and prepared spices and perfumes. And on the Sabbath they rested according to the commandment. But on the first day of the week, at early dawn, they came to the tomb, bringing the spices which they had prepared. and they found the stone rolled away from the tomb. Luke 23:56, 24:1-2

***Now late on the Sabbath, as it began to dawn toward the first day of the week, Mary Magdalene and the other Mary came to look at the grave. And behold a severe earthquake had occurred, for an angel of the Lord descended from heaven and came and rolled away the stone and sat upon it. And his appearance was like lightning, and his garment as white as snow; and the guards shook for fear of him, and became like dead men. Matthew 28:1-4

***And when the Sabbath was over, Mary Magdalene, and Mary the mother of James, and Salome, bought spices, that they might anoint Him. And very early on the first day of the week, they came to the tomb when the sun had risen. And they were saying to one another, "Who will roll away the stone for us from the entrance of the tomb?" And looking up, they saw that the stone had been rolled away, although it was extremely large. Mark 16:1-4

***Now on the first day of the week Mary Magdalene came early to the tomb, while it was still dark, and saw the stone already taken away from the tomb. And so she ran and came to Simon Peter, and to the other disciple whom Jesus loved, and said to them, "They have taken away the Lord out of the tomb, and we do not know where they have laid Him." John 20:1-2

H) Notice that perfumes and spices were prepared by the women who had watched the body of Jesus being laid in the tomb.

1) The Mark 16 text says that Mary Magdalene and the other Mary bought spices AFTER the Sabbath and prepared them.

2) The Luke 23 text states that the women prepared spices and then rested on the Sabbath.

3) There is no contradiction between these two texts. There was an annual Sabbath on Thursday, because it was the first day of the Feast of Unleavened Bread, and then there was a _second_ Sabbath -- the weekly Sabbath -- on the following Saturday.

I) We know that these are the same women because the Bible verses all say that Mary Magdalene was involved in all these events. However, two other Marys are mentioned -- one the mother of James and Salome, and the other the mother of Joses. In all cases, Mary Magdalene was involved.

1) Therefore, the women saw the body of Jesus being laid in the tomb on a Wednesday afternoon, they rested on the annual Sabbath on Thursday, and purchased spices on Friday. They prepared the spices on Friday and then rested according to the commandment on the weekly Sabbath on Saturday.

2) After the weekly Sabbath, they evidently intended to anoint the Lord's body with the perfumes and spices. Therefore these verses show that the Passover Day of the Lord's crucifixion was on a Wednesday, and that Jesus did as He had said, which was to rise again after three days and three nights. What remains to determine, is whether Jesus rose as the weekly Sabbath was ending or at sunrise on Sunday.

J) You will notice, through a comparison of the four gospels, that Mary Magdalene and the disciples went to the tomb a number of times. In some instances it was still dark, and in some it was already light.

1) It wasn't until it was light on Sunday that they actually discovered that Lord Jesus had risen.

2) John 20.1-2, quoted above, records the first visit by Mary Magdalene at which time it was still dark. The Bible states that she saw that the stone was rolled away. It states that she ran to tell Simon Peter and the others, "They have taken away the Lord out of the tomb..."

3) However, there IS one verse which *seems* to tell us that Jesus rose on the first day of the week...

***Now after He had risen early on the first day of the week, He first appeared to Mary Magdalene, from whom He had cast out seven demons. Mark 16:9

K) The Bible was handed down to us in its original languages: Hebrew in the Old Testament (with a few verses in Aramaic), and Koine Greek in the New Testament. Our English language Bibles are translations of the Hebrew and Greek texts. There are no chapter numbers, no verse numbers, and no punctuation in the Hebrew and Greek texts of the Bible. They were added by the translators.

1) To repeat -- the Greek text of Mark 16.9 has NO punctuation marks. Punctuation was inserted by translators, and is a matter of their OPINION. Therefore, the comma after "week" in the above verse represents an opinion of the translators. AS WRITTEN, with no punctuation, Mark 16.9 would be translated as follows...

***Now after He had risen early on the first day of the week He first appeared to Mary Magdalene from whom He had cast out seven demons. Mark 16:9

2) Examine the above unpunctuated verse carefully. Does the phrase "first day of the week" apply (a) to the time when Jesus had risen OR (b) to the time when Jesus first appeared to Mary Magdalene? The answer to this question must be supplied by the Bible itself -- NOT by anyone's OPINION as to how to add punctuation to the inspired scriptures.

3) The following Bible passages clearly answer the preceding question: Luke 23:56, 24:1-2; Matthew 28:1-6; Mark 16:1-4; John 20:1-2. I shall quote just one of these passages...

***Now after the Sabbath, as the first day of the week began to dawn, Mary Magdalene and the other Mary came to see the tomb. And behold, there was a great earthquake; for an angel of the Lord descended from heaven, and came and rolled back the stone from the door, and sat on it. His countenance was like lightning, and his clothing as white as snow. And the guards shook for fear of him, and became like dead men. But the angel answered and said to the women, "Do not be afraid, for I know that you seek Jesus who was crucified. He is not here; for He is risen, as He said. Come, see the place where the Lord lay." Mt 28.1-6

4) Per the above quoted Bible passage, the women visited the tomb at DAWN on Sunday at which time the tomb already was empty. The Lord ALREADY had risen. These same facts are attested to by Luke 23:56, 24:1-2; Mark 16:1-4; & John 20:1-2. Ergo, it is Biblically evident that unpunctuated Mark 16.9 is specifying the time when Jesus first revealed Himself to Mary Magadalene, and is NOT specifying the time of His resurrection.

5) IN SUMMARY: At DAWN on Sunday morning, Mary Magdalene returned to the tomb with Mary the mother of James and Salome. The two Marys then saw an angel who told them that Jesus had already risen. They did not see Jesus at that time (dawn). Why? Because Jesus had ALREADY risen. Subsequent to the angel's *sunrise announcement*, Jesus revealed Himself to Mary Magdalene early on that same Sunday morning.

L) The Holy Spirit gave us FOUR gospels, with portions of the complete events in each. It takes a synthesis of all four gospels in order to arrive at the complete, cohesive picture. The following verse clearly shows us that Mary Magdalene came to the grave as the weekly Sabbath was ENDING...

***Now late <opse> on the Sabbath, as it began to dawn toward the first day of the week, Mary Magdalene and the other Mary came to look at the grave. Matthew 28:1 (NASB)

Strong's #3796 opse
(adverbially) late in the day; by extension, after the close of the day

M) Why didn't the 2 Marys try to anoint the body of Jesus on Friday, since they had prepared the spices and perfumes on Friday before the weekly Sabbath began? It is because in Matthew 27:62-66, Pilate had given the order to have the grave sealed on Thursday morning, and they had put the Roman seal on it and posted guards until the 3 days were complete.

1) Therefore, if the 2 Marys had tried to anoint the body on Friday, they would have been confronted by the guards and possibly arrested. They waited until after the 3 days, so as to avoid arrest. The apostles were all in hiding at the time, fearing possibly their own arrest, so it fell to the 2 Marys to anoint the body.

2) Normally, bodies had to be prepared before 3 days had expired, because of the rapid deterioration of bodies in that desert region. Recall, however, that Nicodemus and Joseph had ALREADY wrapped the Lord's body with 100 pounds of myrrh and aloes at the time they placed Him in the tomb (John 19.39-40). Therefore, this would have slowed the deterioration of His body, thus enabling the 2 Marys to further anoint His body on Sunday.

N) Preliminary summary: The Last Supper celebrated with the bread and wine by Jesus and the disciples took place on Tuesday evening. Jesus was crucified on Wednesday and was in the grave 3 days and 3 nights. He rose from the dead late on the Sabbath (Saturday). Finally, He revealed Himself to Mary Magdalene and the disciples on the first day of the week (Sunday), shortly after sunrise.

O) The lamb for Passover was selected on the weekly Sabbath prior to the Passover. As the Lamb of God, Jesus was selected as the acceptable lamb for slaughter following His triumphal entry. This *selection* took place when the chief priests met and decreed that He must die.

1) Jesus was laid in the tomb as the annual Sabbath was beginning.

2) On the following weekly Sabbath, as it was ending, Jesus rose from the dead. This is consistent with His teaching where He said He was Lord of the Sabbath.

P) Some folks might say that the Passover as kept today cannot fall on a Wednesday, in the Jewish calendar. That IS the case today, but then neither does Firstfruits (wave offering) or the Feast of Weeks (Pentecost) any longer occur on the first day of the week in the Jewish calendar. The reason is a matter of history...

1) In New Testament days, there was a controversy between the Pharisees and Sadducees with respect to the *proper* time and way of keeping these important feast days. At the time of Jesus, the Sadducees were the high priests and kept the days according to their interpretations of the Torah. For example, the Sadducees believed that Firstfruits always fell on the first day of the week, which meant that Pentecost also fell on the first day of the week. On the other hand, the Pharisees believed that Firstfruits fell on the 16th of Abib/Nisan, the day after the annual Sabbath, leading to Pentecost on various days of the week.

2) At the time of Jesus, the Sadducean keeping of the feasts was in effect, but after the dispersion (circa 70 AD), the more numerous and stricter Pharisees perpetuated their understanding of Judaism. They were the ancestors of modern day Hasidic and Orthodox Jews, who are the keepers of the calendar today. Their rules for these Holy Days have supplanted the rules used during the time of Jesus.

***Mark 9:31 (KJV) For he taught his disciples, and said unto them, The Son of man is delivered into the hands of men, and they shall kill him; and after that he is killed, he shall rise the third day.

Q) Some folks raise questions concerning Bible verses wherein Jesus said He would rise on the third day. The answer is that He DID rise from the dead on the third day, late on Saturday afternoon.

1) When the two Marys came to look at the gravesite after the Sabbath ended, Jesus had already risen.

2) Jesus rose from the grave late on the Sabbath, late on Saturday afternoon. This was 3 days and 3 nights AFTER He had been crucified, and it was also the third day. The first day being Thursday; the second day being Friday; and the third day being Saturday.

R) REVIEW: The Last Supper was held on a Tuesday evening. On Wednesday the 14th of Nisan/Abib, Jesus was crucified, and died late in the afternoon.

1) Joseph of Arimathea received permission from Pilate and took down the body of Jesus from the cross, probably with the help of Nicodemus. The Bible shows that Joseph and Nicodemus worked together.

2) Nicodemus had brought about 100 pounds of myrrh and aloes. They wrapped the body in a sheet (shroud) and bound it with the myrrh and aloes. It was already getting dark, so they had to hurry because the annual Sabbath was beginning, the first day of Unleavened Bread on the 15th of Nisan/Abib, which was a Thursday.

3) Watching all this a short distance away were Mary Magdalene and Mary the mother of Joses. Joseph had a new garden tomb nearby, that had never been used. They laid the body of Jesus in the tomb and rolled the stone over its entrance.

4) The next morning the Jewish leaders met with Pilate and received permission to seal and guard the tomb, so that his disciples couldn't steal the body and say Jesus had risen from the dead. They sealed the tomb and posted guards (on Thursday).

5) The women (including Mary Magdalene, Mary the mother of Joses, and Mary the mother of James and Salome) purchased spices on Friday.

6) They prepared the spices on that same day (Friday), which was the day AFTER a Sabbath (the annual Sabbath on Thursday).

7) After preparing the spices on Friday, the women rested on the weekly Sabbath (Saturday).

8) As the weekly Sabbath was ending, toward sunset late on Saturday afternoon, Mary Magdalene and one of the other Marys came to the tomb to anoint the Lord's body. Since it already was almost dark, or was dark, all they could see was that the stone had been rolled away and the Lord's body was NOT there. Halleluyah!

S) Does Luke 24.21 controvert these facts? Consider...

***But we were hoping that it was He who was going to redeem Israel. Indeed, besides all this, today is the third day since <apo> these things happened. Luke 24.21

Strong's #575 apo
a primary particle; "off," i.e. away (from something near), in various senses (of place, time, or relation; literal or figurative):--(X here-)after, ago, at, because of, before, by (the space of), for(-th), from, in, (out) of, off, (up-)on(-ce), since, with. In composition (as a prefix) it usually denotes separation, departure, cessation, completion, reversal, etc.

T) In Luke 24.21, the word "since" translates the Greek word <apo>. "Apo" literally means "off; away from."

1) Thus, Luke 24.21 says, "...today is the third day
away from (the day when) these things happened."

2) In other words, Sunday was the third day AFTER the day when "these things happened."

U) SUMMARY: Jesus was crucified & died on Wednesday afternoon. He was in the grave Wednesday night, Thursday day, Thursday night, Friday day, Friday night, and Saturday day. Therefore, He was in the grave 3 days and 3 nights. He was resurrected late on the weekly Sabbath on Saturday. Therefore, He rose late on the third day -- AFTER 3 days and 3 nights. Those are my
fallible conclusions based on careful analysis of the Bible facts. Amen

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